Classical conditioning, discrimination, generalization, extinction, and acquisition?
Classical Conditioning is learning through the association of stimuli. Started by Ivan Pavlov with his class dog experiment, this form of learning involves associating a neutral stimulus (bell) with an Unconditioned stimulus (food) to bring forth a response (drool). To apply your terms, if Pavlov’s dog only drooled at the sound of a certain bell, this would be discrimination; the dog is distinguishing one stimulus from another. If the dog drooled at any bell, this would be generalization since he is not distinguishing stimuli. If after a while the experimenter stops giving food at the sound of the bell, the dog will no longer drool. His responses have become extinct. Finally, the process of learning the association of the bell with food is called acquisition since the dog is acquiring the learning. Hope this helps.