Context-Dependent Memory vs. State-Dependent Memory

Can you explain the difference between context-dependent and state-dependent memory?

Context dependent refers to being in the same situation or surroundings to help memory. State dependent refers to being in the same emotional state or mood to help memory.

Context-dependent memory would be like studying your lines for a play in the auditorium where you will perform. Since the context or circumstance is the same it should help with your retention and performance.

State-dependent memory would have more to do with your mood or mental state. If I was rehearsing for a play after my partner broke up with me and I was sad, being in a sad mood later on might trigger those same memories.

Fiveable Logo

2550 north lake drive
suite 2
milwaukee, wi 53211



about for students for parents for teachers for schools & districts content team privacy contact


🥇 2020 Fiveable Olympics study plans upcoming events trivia hypertyper resources cram passes


community tiktok discord twitter instagram facebook careers

*ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

© fiveable 2020 | all rights reserved.