Projection is putting blame on someone or something else, like how an image is “projected” onto a screen. “It wasn’t my fault that you left the phone by the toilet.”
Monocular Depth Cue
Sensorimotor Stage is the first stage of cognitive development (0-2 years) in which the infant/toddler relies on their senses and limited mobility (motor) to learn and understand their environment. These limitations impact their ability to truly understand the overall picture of the world.
Yerkes-Dodson Law simply says that a moderate amount of stress is best for optimal performance. In other words, if you don’t care or you stress too much about the AP Psych exam, you won’t perform as well as if you have a just a little bit of stress.
Stimulus Discrimination is simply distinguishing one type of stimulus from another. For instance, you can tell the difference between the passing bell at school and the warning bells (for a fire drill, for instance). If Little Albert were only afraid of the one rat instead of all furry white animals, it would have been stimulus discrimination.
Process of Latency is a delay. I may learn about a certain Math concept in class, but won’t refer to it until I need it on homework or on a test. It remains latent until I need it. Your boss shows you how to work the register at your job, but you won’t reference it until you need it. Kind of “thanks for the info. I’ll use it when I need it.”
Hope this helps some.