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Starting the mid-19th century, imperialism and state expansion started to grow. Britain and Belgium are just two examples. Britain established imperialism in the countries of Egypt, South America, and Argentina. Belgium established imperialism in Congo. With state expansion came revolts and rebellions. For example, the Haitian revolution in 1804 was a slave revolt against the Napoleon and the French. The indigenous peoples’ either took up arms against their oppressors, simply rejected their oppressors and could do nothing, or they decided to preserve their cultures.
There were those nations that took up arms against imperialism. Korea and Ethiopia are two great examples. For Korea, with Japanese imperialism taking over the nation, the people created a “Righteous Army” to fight against Japan. This group of people fought with their lives on the line for their culture. Doc 2 implies that the subjects of Korea should dispel all suspicions of a revolt/rebellion, yet, show their patriotism. “… appeal to your patriotism.” The Koreans ended Japanese imperialism. The Ethiopians took up arms and won at the Battle of Adowa. The image in Doc 3 gives some perspective to this great victory. There are lines of soldiers from both Italy and Ethiopia. With the people of Ethiopia taking up arms, they have gained their independence from imperialism and subjugation. Doc 2 and 3, both show that as the indigenous peoples’ took up arms, they were freed from their imprisonment by superior nations.
The Javanese and Hawaiians had their culture and their nation stripped away by their oppressors. The Javanese were expected to kiss the feet of the Dutch government officials and they were also required to show their utmost respect. Without any apparent fight against the Dutch, the Dutch took over the nation of Indonesia. The Javanese rejected this cruel and disgraceful treatment by the Dutch, however, because they did not take up arms or fight, imperialism ensured. Doc 5 implies that the highest respect (that is usually given to parents and rulers) should not be reserved for the Dutch as they think that the Javanese people are only slaves/workers being governed by the superior power. The Dutch put themselves on a seat of power by force. The US did the same for Hawaii. The US took over native Hawaiian lands by force without any payment or reimbursement. Thus, the Hawaiians could do nothing but simply watch. Doc 4, however, says that Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii did send a request to the US to give back her lands and her throne because the US took what was not rightfully theirs. “…without due process of law.”

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