Hi! Can someone check my DBQ? It is from the AP Sample question (May 4). Thank you!
As European powers industrialized their states, they sought new lands searching for raw materials, labor, and power among new colonies. This commenced a period recognized as Imperialism, and it involved the conquering of many societies within Africa and Asia. When conquerors arrived at these foreign states, they usually imposed themselves in disrespectful ways and demanded power over property that belonged to the natives. The indigenous peoples responded to these expansions into their lands by explicitly rejecting the rule of the European powers over their lands or using military power to remove the colonizers from their lands. However, natives from some states respected the Europeans and were subdued to their power.
When colonizers arrived to the states of the indigenous people’s, many told the leaders of the European states to remove themselves from their lands because they opposed the idea of being ruled by foreign powers. This can be depicted in West Africa, as an Ashanti leader responds to a British offer by saying that he has decided to not ally with England. (Document 1). This shows that while European powers originally tried to make agreements with leaders of the African states, they clearly abided for their independence and did not want to take part in a policy that infringes upon their freedom. Similarly, the Queen of Hawaii expresses in a letter to the United States that she does not agree with their control over her land, and she demands that they return her property. (Document 4) Her words not only demonstrate her reaction of disapproval to the colonizer’s control over her land, it also shows the disregard the United States had over taking land that belongs to another leader. Because this document is a letter, it is a direct and truthful statement of the Queen, demonstrating her respectful and peaceful approach towards the expansion and attempt to avoid huge conflict. Similarly, the United States also declared land that was not theirs from the Cherokee tribe. The leader of this native tribe originally took a direct approach and went to the Supreme Court as a way to oppose the expansion into his lands.
Natives from states who were being colonized also responded to the European expansion by using military force. This can be seen in the Battle of Adowa as Ethiopia fought Italian troops. (Document 3). The war demonstrates that states also took military action to remove the foreigners from their land. This war was possible due to the growth in production of weapons containing gunpowder such as guns and canons which can be depicted in the image. This approach to expansion was also present in Korea as they created the Righteous Army in order to battle incoming Japanese colonizers. (Document 2) The creation of the Righteous Army clearly showcases that Korea, like Italy, decided to use military force to respond the expansion of the colonizers. Given that the source comes from a neo-Confucian movement, their desire to avoid influences coming in from other countries is due to their desire to restore the Confucian social system, and they knew that outside influences would disrupt their mission to do so. China is another state who took it upon themselves to take military action when they began the Opium Wars to remove Britain’s Opium sale from their lands.
Despite the negative response many states demonstrated to the colonizers, others demonstrated respect towards the Europeans and succumbed to their rule. This occurred in Indonesia, as Javanese aristocrat recalls the natives showing signs of respect to the Dutch such as kissing their feet. She argues that the Dutch make her people feel inferior, and they treat them as feeble-minded individuals. (Document 5) This attitude of the Dutch towards the Javanese could be attributed to their belief of social-Darwinism which proposes that every race who is not white or from European descent is inferior.
Indigenous people evidently did not all respond in the same manner to expansion, but instead took different approaches by either directly informing those trying to expand into their lands that they did not approve of such actions, using military force, or some were succumbed to the power of the colonizers.