[FRQ] Popular Culture and Diffusion

This was the 2018 AP Human Geography FRQ.

Answer the prompt below by Monday, April 27 @ 8 pm eastern and @harrison-burnside will post feedback for you! Only responses posted by cram students before the deadline are guaranteed a response. If you do not have a cram pass, your response will be scored only if there is time. You can guarantee a response by purchasing a cram pass .

Use exam-like conditions. Time yourself at 15 minutes for this prompt since there is one stimulus.

If you need help, watch this week’s cram session or direct message @harrison-burnside (:

good luck, and your 15 minutes start NOW !!

A. One mean is social media since this spreads information all around the world in a fast manner and the other mean is through a chain of people who constantly say it and the other person gets it attached on so this is how the word spreads around.

B.

  1. These terms spread by relocation diffusion since in the 1940s the colonialism period was happening so people from Europe through voyages spread the word in the same continent to others and in other continents such in America and overall due to transportation these popular culture words are spread in a relocation manner.

  2. These terms diffused in a contagious way since people say it around their circle a lot and the term can be easily caught and used by another person from that same group on another social group.

  3. These terms diffused in a hierarchical way since if a worldwide known person uses it today in his/her social media, his/her fans will most likely use it and spread it to other people.

C. One barrier may be the age group using the popular word since if this word is used by a young generation, the older generations will not understand it and will not use it and the other barrier is a religious barrier since this term might be offensive towards the religion and this wouldn’t be used in one of the adherents vocabulary.

A. One way in which expressions such as these diffuse is through movies and television. The use of these terms in movies and TV shows influences many people to use them and share them with friends and family. Another way that terms like these diffuse around the world is through social media platforms. In this day and age, social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter can spread an expression or trend with unbelievable speed. In fact, the primary reason the term “selfie” diffused was because of people posting “selfies” on their social media.

B. Relocation diffusion is when one migrates and takes an expression, idea, or piece of their culture from their place of origin to their new destination. This can result in the spread of popular culture. For example, if an important or famous person were to visit a new place and use a term like “groovy”, it is highly likely that the people there who idolize or are influenced by that person will use that term. Contagious diffusion can result in the diffusion of popular terms as well. Contagious diffusion is the form of diffusion when something diffuses from one person to the next much like a contagious disease. This is especially prevalent in social media and the Internet. When a trend “goes viral” and is shared across the world, it is shared from one person to the next. Hierarchical diffusion can play a large role in the diffusion of popular culture when a person of high importance or influence uses an expression or creates a trend and his/her “followers” start using that expression or following that trend.

C. In some cases, countries may prevent certain expressions or forms of popular culture from diffusing. For example, in China, the government censors certain parts of the internet. This could create barrier in the diffusion a expression. Another barrier that could prevent the diffusion of certain terms is age. Many times, elderly people are less accepting of new trends or phrase, and they prefer to stick to their own ways of speaking and carrying out their life. When a trend forms amongst a younger generation, older people may not want to accept it, and this age gap could be a barrier to diffusion.

A. New popular expressions can be diffused via hierarchical diffusion, if a celebrity says a word often, others may copy the celebrity. They can also be diffused via contagious diffusion, a term can continuously become popular and spread over a wide area, from place to place.

B.

  1. Popular terms can diffuse through relocation diffusion. Someone from an urbanized US state could internally migrate to a rural US state, and spread any “lingo” that was popularly used in the urbanized area.
  2. Contagious diffusion can spatially spread popular terms. As terms start in urban areas they can keep continually moving outward and make an impact on more areas.
  3. Hierarchical diffusion can diffuse popular terms from the core to the periphery. A higher power in society (i.e. celebrity) could say/use a term, and others would also say it, hoping to be like the celebrity.

C. One barrier of diffusion includes an environmental barrier. If an area is completely isolated by mountains or oceans, it may not encounter any of the popularly diffused terms. Individuals cannot travel to the area, and, if rural, the area may not have good technological communications, in further limiting interaction. Another barrier that can be faced is a communist/governmental barrier. The governmental system in an area may not allow popular media/technology diffuse into an area. They have regulations on what can and cannot enter a country/state.

A. The first way by which new expressions in popular culture are diffused globally is by hierarchical diffusion, which could have happened by a celebrity starting to use a new word and people catching on from that person saying that. A second way by which new expressions in popular culture are diffused is by contagious diffusion. A word could be made popular by a popular YouTube video, or through conversations between people.

B.

  1. Relocation diffusion can happen when someone who lives in one place moves to another, therefore spreading their ideas, language, etc. For example, if someone who lived in the South says the word y’all in their daily vernacular, then they moved up North, then people around them may start saying y’all also.

  2. Contagious diffusion can happen when something gains popularity and is spread throughout a group of people. For example, if someone started saying the word Selfie and it gained popularity, then it would be spread rapidly and a lot of people would start saying it.

  3. Hierarchical diffusion happens when a celebrity or popular figure starts doing or saying something. For example, if the word rad was said on the Ellen Show, it would be likely that people would start saying the word rad.

C. A barrier to diffusion that could be encountered even as new terms become more popular is language. It could prevent the spread of something such as a new word, or another version of that popular word could be created for that different language. Another barrier to diffusion could simply be the physical barriers separating places that could prevent the spread of something new and popular from spreading. Other barriers could be religious barriers, where people have different beliefs from each other and a word could be seen as not appropriate for a certain group to use, which would create a stigma around that word, and it would therefore not be used as much.

A. Two specific means by which new expressions in popular culture are diffused globally is through social media and through person-to-person interaction as people travel.
B. 1. Terms diffuse spatially through relocation diffusion as people migrate and take their phrases and culture with them. A phrase popular in one area is spread when someone from that area moves to another area. They introduce their phrase, and the people around them start using it too.
2. Terms diffuse spatially through contagious diffusion through social media and the internet. Hashtags with new terms become popular and become used by people globally.
3. Terms diffuse spatially through hierarchical diffusion when countries with cultural influence, such as the U.S, use new terms. As culture becomes more westernized through globalization, other countries pick up the new terms. Terms can also diffuse by hierarchical diffusion when celebrities that are known globally start using a new term. Celebrities may have followers from many different places around the world, and therefore influence people around the globe.
C. One barrier to diffusion even as new terms become popular often encountered is government control. Some governments limit western shows and media on TV channels to block their citizens from being influenced by western culture. Another barrier to diffusion is lack of access to technology. Distribution and access to technology is not equal everywhere, and since this is a primary way of diffusing new words, this is a major barrier to diffusion.

Welcome to the Community Forum!!

A) Identified One Correct Means Only, but the second one is NOT a SPECIFIC mean for GLOBAL diffusion (it’s too general for the ap rubric page 6) 0/1 pts; this was an all or nothing question :frowning:
B) 1st: The idea is fine but the explanation and reasoning does not make sense :expressionless: America was colonized by Europe up until 1700s so not good reasoning for the exam :flushed: 2nd: Reason and Explanation are good. 3rd: Good reason and explanation. 3/3 pts but I would have liked to see another sentence attached to each reason. Also, I like historically correct facts and data.
C) Good First and Second Reasons 2/2 pts but I would have again like to see more sentences

TOTAL) 5/6 pts

Welcome to the Community Forum!! Great Length in Your Explanations

A) Identified Two Correct Means! 1/1 pts ; this was an all or nothing question
B) 1st : Good Reason and good explanation 2nd : Reason and Explanation are good. 3rd : Good reason and explanation. 3/3 pts
C) Good First and Second Reasons 2/2 pts and again I loved the length of your responses!!

TOTAL) 6/6 pts :partying_face:

Welcome Back to the Community Forum!! Great Length in Your Explanations This Time!

A) Identified Two Correct Ideas but didn’t give the specific means for diffusion 0/1 pts ; this was an all or nothing question
B) 1st : Good Reason and good explanation 2nd : Reason and Explanation are good. 3rd : Good reason and explanation. 3/3 pts
C) Good First and Second Reasons 2/2 pts and again I loved the length of your responses!!

TOTAL) 5/6 pts not bad! just make sure when it says “specific” in part A you back it up with ideas (social media, phones, Netflix, etc.) like you did in parts B & C

Welcome to the Community Forum!! Great Length in Your Explanations

A) Identified Two Correct Means! 1/1 pts ; this was an all or nothing question
B) 1st : Good Reason and good explanation 2nd : Reason and Explanation are good. 3rd : Good reason and explanation. 3/3 pts
C) Good First and Second Reasons 2/2 pts and again I loved the length of your responses!!

TOTAL) 6/6 pts :partying_face:

Welcome Back to the Community Forum!!

A) Identified Two Correct Means! 1/1 pts ; this was an all or nothing question
B) 1st : Good Reason and good explanation 2nd : Reason and Explanation are good. 3rd : Good reason and explanation. 3/3 pts
C) Good First and Second Reasons 2/2 pts Liked the lack of technology example since it is very relevant in the society of the 21st century but it’s also very relevant during the COVID pandemic!!

TOTAL) 6/6 pts :partying_face: KEEP UP THE GREAT WORK!

A. One means by which expressions in popular culture can be diffused globally is using social media on the internet. Social media connects the world and can do so in a matter of seconds. A person in California can post something that a person in Beijing sees just minutes later. Another means by which popular culture can diffuse is through news outlets. News can be spread through the internet, television, and newspapers.
B. Terms shown in the table could diffuse through relocation diffusion by interregional migration. Different regions tend to have unique sayings or phrases. For example, a term such as “groovy” could have originated in one region, such as Southern California, and gradually diffused outward as people began to move to other places. Terms can be spread through contagious diffusion through the internet. For example, the term “selfie” is used to describe a type of picture. The use of the word “selfie” is mostly on the internet. With platforms such as social media, the word selfie can rapidly diffuse all over the world similar to how a meme would. Terms also often tend to spread through hierarchical diffusion, which is diffusion from central nodes. Often, these terms can originate in cities or urban areas, and even come from a celebrity or person of power. These words will travel from cities to suburbs, and then to rural areas. Rural towns and villages are often the last to see the phenomenon and by that time, the phenomenon may no longer be relevant.
C. One barrier to diffusion faced by new words could be lack of access to technology. This will especially happen in LDCs where technology is not as prevalent. With no technology, words such as selfie not only don’t reach some areas, but they make no sense. A person that has never encountered technology will not need to use the word selfie. People with little to no access to technology are typically in less developed countries and/ or aren’t making a lot of money. Another barrier to diffusion is environmental or physical barriers. For example, words that originate in the Americas are less likely to diffuse to Europe because there is an ocean that is a barrier. This was an especially significant barrier before the time of widespread use of technology.

Thanks a lot! :+1:

A.One specific way that a new expression in pop culture could diffuse globally is through one person talking to one of their friends while using one of these expressions. It could cause a chain reaction and more and more people would start to use it. A second way that a popular or new expression could grow or diffuse globally is through social media. Social media is all across the world and if someone sees somebody posting on their stories and using this word and think “Oh this is cool!”, then they can start using that word and then bounce from social media platform to social media platform and just get bigger and a lot more people will be interested in this word or expression.

B.1. A word could spread through relocation Relocation diffusion by one person from the US using the word groovy and then going to the UK or Africa and using that word a lot and cause people from the UK and Africa to start using that word because they think that it’s trendy or an interesting word and then if they go somewhere else in Africa or the UK and spread that word more and then someone goes to India and it just keeps spreading and spreading. 2. A word could also spread through contagious diffusion which is basically the same as what I just explained one person could use it and then another person could think it’s cool and then start using it and then they use it around their friends and their friend starts using it and it just causes a chain reaction. 3. And lastly a word could spread through hierarchical diffusion which is where a celebrity or someone higher up uses this word and then a bunch of people who support them or are fans of them start using the word as well. For example if Kim Kardashian started using the word selfie or some other popular word like that a lot of people would start to be like “Hey let’s take a selfie!”, and it would just catch on.

C.A barrier that could come across a popular word from becoming more popular is age division. If a younger person starts using a word that the older people don’t agree with or don’t think it’s cool they’re not going to use it they’re just going to think “Oh, this is stupid, why would somebody use this word.”, and then it won’t spread as quickly as it could if all the people thought it was a cool word. And it doesn’t technically have to be elderly people; it could be adults not using the word and just younger people like teenagers using the word. Another barrier could be certain places not allowing a certain word to be used. An example would be China, China might not allow a certain word or it might not reach China because China might block some sort of social media platform that uses that word and then it won’t catch on there so it won’t spread as quickly.
@maggee-ellis

A. One mean could be social media. Social media is the direct cause of a lot of things being diffused throughout the world because of how quickly information can get around and how far the information can go. Another mean could be through direct contact. For example, if you see somebody wearing something or doing something that you like then you’ll start doing it then someone else is gonna see you.

B. Relocation played a big part in the diffusion of these terms. When one relocates they bring their culture and way of lifestyle with them. Like if a person from Florida who uses the word “jit” or “jhit” moves to a place like Georiga, they’re bringing that slang with them. Someone in Georgia picks up on it then starts to use it. With contagious diffusion, it’s sort of the same but without moving locations. If you hear somebody use the word “selfie” and you catch on to it and start saying it. Hierarchical diffusion can help spread it because if you hear just anybody on the street use the word “cool” you won’t really care but if you hear somebody famous like Barrack Obama use it then you’ll start to catch on to it because of how popular they are.

C. One barrier of diffusion could be the location of some areas. Some areas are more isolated than others so there for the pop culture won’t diffuse as easy as it would in other areas. Another barrier could be the age differential. Most terms are used by younger people so you won’t hear older people using these terms @maggee-ellis

A) People travel from place to place in groups and often tend to speak in their dialect. Anyone who hears might question what a word or phrase means and start using it. Another way is that people will see what foreigners are wearing and wonder where it came from and if they can get something like it.

B)

  1. Terms and phrases such as these were spread when colonization started to spread. The newly colonized countries started to hear what the colonizers were saying and picked it up in their own language and it started to spread from place to place, just like that.
  2. These words can be contagiously spread by people saying it around their one group of friends and it just starts to diffuse like a disease.
  3. Words and phrases can also spread by hierarchial diffusion because of celebrities who post this kind of stuff on social media and people think its cool so they use it.

C) One form of barrier is a physical barrier, like travel bans, in and out of a country. Places that won’t let you come in have less chance of picking up on the slang you use because you can’t come in contact with them. Another way is age because people like baby boomers born in the great depression may have no clue what I mean when I say something like, “that’s the tea.” They may understand it as a drink and not gossip.

A) Two specific means by which new expressions in popular culture are diffused globally is through social media and through person-to-person interaction as people travel.

B) 1. Terms diffuse spatially through relocation diffusion as people migrate and take their phrases and culture with them. A phrase popular in one area is spread when someone from that area moves to another area. They introduce their phrase, and the people around them start using it too.
2. Terms diffuse spatially through contagious diffusion through social media and the internet. Hashtags with new terms become popular and become used by people globally.
3. Terms diffuse spatially through hierarchical diffusion when countries with cultural influence, such as the U.S, use new terms. As culture becomes more westernized through globalization, other countries pick up the new terms. Terms can also diffuse by hierarchical diffusion when celebrities that are known globally start using a new term. Celebrities may have followers from many different places around the world and therefore influence people around the globe.

C) One barrier to diffusion even as new terms become popular often encountered is government control. Some governments limit western shows and media on TV channels to block their citizens from being influenced by western culture. Another barrier to diffusion is the lack of access to technology. Distribution and access to technology are not equal everywhere, and since this is a primary way of diffusing new words, this is a major barrier to diffusion.

A. Twitter and Celebrities
B1. Relocation diffusion is what happens when a person moves to a different place and brings their culture with them and spreads it. Such as a southerner using the world y’all and then moving up north and the people around them start to use it
B2. Contagious diffusion is what happens when a person uses a certain term or does a certain thing and then the people around them start to use that term of do the thing. An example of this would be like if I started saying the phrase “cool beans” and people around me started to do the same.
B3. Hierarchial diffusion is when a celebrity start to use a new word or wear new clothes and other people start doing it. This is what happens when people like Kim Kardashian starts wearing bike shorts and other people start doing it.
C. Two barriers to diffusion are age barriers and distance barriers. Age barriers are an issue with diffusion because older people may be more resistant to adopt new words or trends or may not know how. Distance barriers are an issue with diffusion because geographical separation may limit diffusion because if someone live on top of a mountain then the ideas in the valley or the surrounding areas will take longer to reach the top of the mountain.

@maggee-ellis

A Two specific means by which new expressions in popular culture are diffused are by social media such as Instagram, Snap chat, or Twitter and from celebrities or people in higher power.
B. 1 Words such as cool, groovy, and rad spread through relocation diffusion by people moving from one state to another. This causes the words they used in their own state to be diffused to the new state and used there now.
B.2 Words from the table above can spread through contagious diffusion by one person using the word such as selfie or newbie and the rest of the population begins to use it. The word is spread through a large population because that one person said it and more people caught on and then it became the new term of the decade.
B.3 Words spread through hierarchical diffusion through celebrities or people with power. If a celebrity such as Taylor Swift says a new word more people are going to start saying it because it wasn’t just anyone who said it it was Taylor Swift.
C. Two barriers that may be encountered when words are diffuses can be language barriers and cultural barriers. If a word starts in Mexico, but then gets diffused to America the word might not be said or used correctly because of the language barriers from Spanish and English. With cultural barriers some places would not want the new pop culture words to be diffused into their nation. North Korea is a good example of this because they might not want that the word or phrase to be diffused to their nation because it may reveal something that they don’t want their people to know. @maggee-ellis

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