Jacksonian Democracy

Can we go over the nullification crisis, pet banks, corrupt bargain, and the petticoat affair?

Hi @niki

  • The nullification crisis occurred in 1832-33, when South Carolina violently refused to obey a new tariff passed by Andrew Jackson’s government. SC Senator John C. Calhoun said that states had the power to “Nullify” a federal law, and South Carolina did exactly that. President Jackson did not take to kindly to this, and he sent federal troops to SC to enforce it, and the Compromise Tariff of 1833 was passed to end the crisis.

  • Pet Banks were state banks that President Jackson used to replace the 2nd Bank of the United States. Do NOT confuse pet banks with “wildcat banks”, which were banks not backed by the Federal government, which caused the Panic of 1837.

  • The "“corrupt bargain” was the term used by Andrew Jackson and his allies to describe the result of the election of 1824, which was won by John Quincy Adams. After nobody received a majority of electoral votes in the election, the election went to the House of Representatives, where Henry Clay was Speaker of the House. Adams was elected president, and he promptly made Clay his Secretary of State. Jackson suspected that Adams had made a deal with Clay in order to get elected, and called it the “corrupt bargain”.

  • The petticoat affair was a scandal where members of Andrew Jackson’s cabinet ostracized Secretary of War John Eaton and his wife for not being “up to proper moral standards”. This thoroughly discredited Jackson’s administration, and led to the resignation of almost his entire cabinet.

Thank you @Austin58296

No problem. Best of luck on the exam!

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