How is escape learning different from avoidance learning?

In escape behavior the occurrence of the behavior terminates the aversive stimulus. In other words the dog escapes the stimulus by doing another behavior and that behavior is then strengthened. In avoidance behavior, the occurrence of the behavior prevents the presentation of an aversive stimulus.

So would the avoidance behavior be the dog performing the desired behavior or would it be like the dog running away?

The avoidance behavior would be the dog performing an action that will prevent the stimulus from happening to them in the first place, and either running away from it before it happens or performing another behavior would suffice. The escape behavior is escaping the bad stimulus once it has already started to happen, so running away also works here as well. The distinguishing factor is the status of the stimulus

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Escape learning is rat jumping over to the other side of the change to end the mild shock being delivered to its paws… Avoidance behavior would be buckling your seat belt before you turn the engine on in order not to be subjected to the whining noise that occurs if the engine is running and you are not buckled in. If you turned on the engine without buckling up, and the whining starts, and you buckle in, it becomes escape learning.

Thanks, that was very helpful!

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