How can I easily tell the difference between mitosis, meiosis I, and meiosis II?
Mitosis deals with body cell replication while Meiosis deals with gamete replication.
Meiosis 1 however includes segregation, where the chromosome number is split in half, and more of the genetic variation processes (independent assortment and crossing over).
Meiosis 2 produces four haploid gametes and does not include those processes involving genetic variation.
At the end of meiosis 1 there are 2 haploid cells.
At the end of meiosis 2 there are 4 haploid cells.
At the end of mitosis there are 2 diploid cells.