a) Conventional Moral Reasoning would affect the thinking of a ten-year-old in a way that he or she would move past personal gain and develop a “hero thinking” as this kid would start to gain personal rewards as doing the “right thing”. The kid’s behavior and decisions would contemplate this ideal person that puts himself or herself after in order to get gain praised for being the hero as explained earlier.
Industry vs. Inferiority this kid will most likely think he has to be excellent and the top of the other performance as this is the ideal type of kid. if the kid excels he or she will think highly of themselves and be proud as creating self-esteem. The behavior and decisions will be made as gaining rewards to fulfill this thinking. The competition will be a top priority and winning is something that they will always look for. If they don’t it is most likely that they will develop anxiety and feel bad about their performance.
b) A one-year-old that develops cognitive thinking as sensory-motor development will not understand the meaning of object permanence and act out when they are not fulfilled with something they want. Their behavior is completely lead by their senses and what “feel good” as grasping and sucking.
As for secure attachment, they will think as their caregiver of choice gives them security and if this does not happen they will create anxious attachments. Their behavior if they feel this security they will not cry and securely experimenting with an environment confidently.
c) A 50-year-old in the issue of Generativity vs. Stagnation will ensure they are making the most out of their life, as working a propper job and providing enough income, fulfilling the need to have a stable family and doing what they really want to achieve “before it is too late”. They will work hard to get to their goal and control their environment to their needs.
For formal operational, they would use abstract learning for reasoning. Ad for their behavior, they will manipulate ideas and resolve them even if it is something physically there. they would trace a process and confirm if it is accurate.