Self-efficacy can motivate a person to do something in their lives because it is the idea of how competent one is. On a test, one who has a high self-efficacy for example will believe that they have the potential to do well on that test, and are diligent in their studies and when taking the exam, as they believe their abilities are good enough to pass the exam, increasing their motivation. On the other hand, low self-efficacy will lead to a lack of motivation as one feel incompetent and less effective in their ideas of passing the exam. This will lead to low self-esteem, or a low feeling of worth, and cause them to not be as prepared or engaged in their studies for the exam.
Self-actualization can lead someone to be motivated to be or do something in their lives as this concept of Maslows in the hierarchy of needs is towards the top, meaning that one has satisified physical and psychological needs, like self esteem. For example, self-actualization can cause someone to paint for intrinsic motivation without any need for making money through painting. It increases one’s motivation as it allows for one to discover their potentials and self-fulfillment in their life.
The lateral hypothalamus can motivate someone to be or do something as it regulates arousal and hunger. If someone is hungry, the body will stimulate motivation and arousal for them to go and eat.
Incentives can motivate someone to be or do something as they are a form of positive reinforcement. For example, a parent promises candy to a child if they finish their homework, which leads to more motivation for the child to get his homework doen in order to recevie that award that he so desperately wants. These incentives help to increase the behavior and be sure that the child can do his homeowrk again the next day in awaiting that cnady.
Catharsis can motivate someone to be or do something as it is a form of releasing aggression in order to relieve the emotions inside or the further aggressive urges. For example, a person who is angry at a loss can take the aggression out on a pillow, which then helps to relieve the tensions and stress of the body, allowing him to enter a relaxed state and calming feeling. This elevates his emotions and allows him to be motivated to move on and hang out with his friends.
Cognitive dissonance can motivate someone to be or do something as the awareness of a behavior having an action that is harmful and conflicting the mind, one lead to that person making sure the reltionship between the mind and action is consistent. For example, a smoker who realizes that it causes cancer will take the motivation and measures to fulfillt hat tendency to create consistent behavior with their actions and attitudes by learnign to quit smoking.
Also you will be grading these right?