Can I use an appeal alone to argue that the author is achieving a certain purpose? For an ex, like can I have a whole body on ethos and pathos itself. Or do I have to use it in conjunction with a device? For example, pathos is the claim that I am making but my evidence has to be of a device like imagery that helps create that pathos. Does this make sense?
Body Paragraphs :
● Topic sentence (one choice or strategy)
● Evidence, Commentary, Evidence, Commentary, Relate back to thesis
● Try to use short quotes and incorporate them into your own sentence.
● Have more sentences of commentary than sentences of evidence.
● Commentary/analysis is VERY important to the score!
Rhetorical Appeals (these are not devices)
● Ethos: an appeal to shared values, ethics, or respected authority
● Logos: an appeal based on facts and logic
● Pathos: an appeal based on emotion - creating an emotion in the audience in order to change their
(If you want to make an appeal - these are the tools you use to make it)
- Anaphora: A type of parallelism, with the exact repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of
successive lines, phrases, or sentences
- Antithesis: two opposites are placed close together to achieve a contrasting effect.
- Connotation: All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests rather than the literal
- Diction: a speaker’s choice of words
- Figurative Language: words or phrases not to be taken literally
- Imagery: description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
- Irony: the use of words to convey a meaning that is opposite of the literal meaning or a reversal of
- Parallel Structure: the repetition of the grammatical structure of similar words and phrases
- Juxtaposition: putting two things next to each other to make an argument
- Allusion: A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, work of art, song, etc. that
exists outside the text.
Types of Figurative Language
● Hyperbole: exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
● Metaphor: a figure of speech making a comparison by referring to one thing as another
● Personification: a figure of speech in which an object or an animal is given human feelings, thoughts,
● Simile: making a comparison using “like” or “as”
You definitely want to use it in conjunction with a device. Pathos is not something that a speaker or writer just sprinkles into their essay or address. While appealing to their audience’s emotions is important, they use devices to achieve that emotional appeal.
gotcha! thanks so much!