[SAQ] Practice with a Primary Source [c 1900-Present]

Use the image below to answer all parts of the question that follows.

British-poster produced in India, sometime 1914 - 1918

Urdu text: “This soldier is defending India. He is protecting his home and family. The best way to help your family is to join the army”

  1. Describe how ONE historical process is reflected in the image.
  2. Explain ONE change in the relationship between India and Britain in the century after this poster was produced.
  3. Explain ONE similarity between how this poster attempted to mobilize people and another empire’s mobilization campaign, c. 1900 - c. 1950.

How to Submit
Reply to this thread with your 3-part answer.

Deadline for submission:
2020-03-11T05:00:00Z2020-03-13T05:00:00Z

Recommended Resources

Upcoming Events

  1. Multiple Choice and SAQ (livestream)

  2. Get A Cram Pass: 10x AP World Sessions

  1. One historical process that is being demonstrated here is propaganda. Countries all around the world use propaganda to convince their citizens as to why their actions are just and moral. In this image, there is propaganda because it portrays the soldier as one who is moral and righteous and other citizens should be like him.
  2. One change is when the British arrived, the British viewed Indians as people the British could extract resources from. However, once this poster was created, The British viewed Indians as people that could enforce the British orders in India.
  3. One similarity between how this poster attempted to mobilize people and how the USA attempted to mobilize their people for World War 2 is propaganda. Propaganda was used by both countries in order to fear monger the population into believing what the government is doing is good for them
2 Likes
  1. One historical process that is reflected in the image is persuasion. The British government is trying to get the Indian people to join the army and support the mother country and their economy. They use tactics like threatening families to get support from young men to join and protect their family from foreign invaders, when it’s really the British government they have to worry about.
  2. In the century after the poster was produced, the British had left India alone to survive. Other peoples were looking to take over, or become a business partner, India because of the surplus of raw materials and labor, as well as lack of industrialization. The Britain became one of those countries who were looking to engage in trade, even if India was not in a position to make much profit.
  3. Another civilization that used propaganda was Russia in the early 1900s. They depicted the western super powers as monsters looking to take over their lands and wanting to harm the people. They used this way of propaganda as a way to advocate nationalism that would allow them to see world war one through.
2 Likes

Hey there! AP World Teacher here! Here is some feedback on your responses:

  1. Propaganda is a specific development but is too narrow to qualify as a “historical process.” The larger process might be Total War or Militarization of Society.

  2. This answer is well structured, the before and the after to demonstrate change. I would say you could strengthen this answer by pointing out the context of World War I OR you could provide evidence of the previous view of Indians, perhaps mention the White Man’s Burden? Specific evidence makes an answer stronger.

  3. Mostly the same as above, but the answer would, again, be stronger with a specific reference like the target of most American Propoganda (Japan) or specific American Actions like the Atlantic Charter.

Overall keep in mind that each answer should have one specific piece of evidence. Keep practicing!

2 Likes

1.) One historical process which is reflected in this image is the use of colonial troops in the world wars. They would fight with the motherland with the Allied nations. This also shows propaganda, which India started to use to make people think that they are protecting their nation.
2.) One change in the relationship between India and Britain in the century after this poster was produced was the idea of India gaining independence from Britain. India was in a deal with Britain that if India used their troops to fight with Britain, they would be able to gain independence from Britain after the war. Thus, propaganda was used to help gather more troops.
3.) A similarity between how this poster attempted to mobilize people and the mobilization campaign of another empire’s is the use of propaganda to make citizens believe that it is for the good of their nation and for the good of their family back home. Germany uses propaganda as just like Inda as an attempt to mobilize people to build up their army. Germans had the same rational as India for mobilization.

2 Likes
  1. The historical process reflected in the image above colonialism because it shows us that the British employ propaganda to show that if you really are Indian than you would fight with the British implying a forced nationalism to some degree.
  2. In the century following the production of the poster, India undergoes a revolution for independence which they ultimately achieved.
  3. The United States employed a similar method to mobilize people with posters of Uncle Sam to try to use an emotional and patriotic response from the people and this leads to them mobilizing and joining the military.
3 Likes
  1. One process occurring is the use of propaganda as a means of persuasion as well as the use of military to legitimize rule. This occurs in an effort to convince Indians that fighting for the British is the way to go. In the picture, it depicts the man as someone of confidence and might, suggesting that if one was to join the troops, they too might possess those same characteristics.
  2. In the century after this picture was produced, India broke free of Britain’s chains. although many of Britain’s cultural aspects such as tea drinking remained. India became a center for novel textiles as well as rich in raw materials.
  3. One comparable use of propaganda with this picture is Hitler’s use of radio as well as photos as a means for persuasion of his opinions on the Aryan race. Both campaigns strive to convince people that their way of life was an exemplary form of righteousness and that following their lead would only bring about a positive change in character.
3 Likes

Welcome to Fiveable and thanks for posting! I’m an AP World teacher and last Spring I was a Reader for the SAQ. Your answers here show solid understanding of the source, and have a some tips to fine tune them to earn maximum points.

  1. This question is looking for a broader theme, something from beyond the document. You’re right about the use of colonial troops, so a broader theme would be colonialism or British imperialism. You want to show the reader that you know something beyond the document. Or, instead of propaganda, you could extend out to Total War or mass mobilization in global conflicts. Either way something bigger than what is directly in the source.
  2. You’re right about independence. This would be stronger with specific evidence, such as Indian National Congress or Gandhi. Again, specifics establish that you understand something beyond the prompt.
  3. This is good, although it would be a bit stronger to indicate when Germany did this. It seems that you mean also during World War One, which is true.
3 Likes

Hello and welcome to Fiveable! I’m an AP World teacher and I was an SAQ Reader for last year’s Exam, too. Your answers show understanding of World History and the document. Here are some tips for each section.

  1. As Mr. Liddle and I have commented with other students, the first part is meant to bring a broad trend, something beyond the specific image. You are absolutely correct about the intent of the image, and you could tie that to a bigger them like mobilizing resources in empires during World War One or total war. The idea is that your answer would apply to many situations.
  2. The important context for this question is that India was a British colony when the poster was made, but that people in British India challenged that more directly and more frequently after the War.
  3. You’re correct about Russian propaganda, although “western super powers” is a little vague. Do you mean Germany and the Central Powers during World War One and/or Two? Or, you might specify the capitalist West, including the US, during the Cold War.

Keep up the good work, and feel free to reply with questions or comments.

2 Likes

Welcome to Fiveable and thanks for replying! I’m an AP World teacher and I scored SAQs for last year’s exam. All of your answers show understanding of aspects of World History. Here are a few tips for sharpening them and increasing your odds of scoring points.

  1. Colonialism is right, and this would be stronger if described British colonialism in India a little bit. Unless the prompt directly asks you to describe or explain the source material, most of your answer should be about something beyond the image, such as British colonialism.

  2. You have identified a key change from after the poster, but an “explain” prompt will usually require a second and maybe a third sentence. How and/or why did this revolution happen?

  3. Excellent example with an explanation. Would be even stronger if you specified world War One for the “I Want You”.

Keep up the good work!

2 Likes
  1. A historical process that is reflected in the image is the attempts of Indian militarism through the usage of propaganda. The Urdu text beneath the image of an Indian soldier, covering and essentially ‘protecting’ India and the entire Indian nation, is trying to persuade and encourage the Indian people to sign up and get drafted into the war. During the issuing of this image to the public, the Great Britain was fighting in the Great War, or WWI. Since the war caused major loss of English life, Britain was trying to use its large colonial influences. This can be seen in the attempt at militarizing India so that they can fight in WWI - which is what happened.

  2. A century after this poster was produced, strong Indian nationalism emerged. During the time period in which the poster was made, India fought alongside Britain to prove that they could be independent and that they didn’t need the British in order to survive. After participating in WWI alongside Britain, Indian nationalism spread quickly. Britain allowed India to self-rule themselves, After Britain removed itself from India, Indian independence movements began and India eventually gains its independence from imperial Britain.

  3. Like the British poster’s attempts at mobilization of its peoples, Germany also dispersed a lot of war propaganda to help Germany mobilize its armies rapidly. Like most other countries that participated in WWI, Germany and Britain shared propaganda to try and encourage more young men to join the war cause. The propaganda not only helped increase mobilization and militarism ideologies, but the propaganda also promoted strong nationalism. This propaganda helped governments convince its people the reason for war.

3 Likes

Thank You for the feedback.

3 Likes
  1. Military propaganda is an example of a historical process reflected in the image. Britain wanted Indians to join their military, and propaganda is still used today to entice people to join the military.
  2. At the time the poster was produced, India was under British rule, and many Indians served in the British army. Following the century after this military propaganda poster was produced, India gained independence from Britain.
  3. Britain wanted to recruit colonized people to fight in their army, whereas Spain did not. Britain tried to appeal to Indians in order to get them to be a part of their military, but Spain’s army consisted solely of Spaniards and no colonized people.
3 Likes
  1. One historical process reflected in this image is colonialism. This is shown by the Indian man wearing clothes more commonly worn by British people and by Britain asking for India’s help in the World War to support them, implying the control that they had over India.

  2. One change in the relationship between India and Britain in the century after this was posted was India gaining independence. After the promise of freedom in exchange for fighting in the war, the Indian people fought for their freedom and were granted it in 1947.

  3. The United States used a similar method of propaganda to Britain’s poster in India with the concept of Uncle Sam. Both figures served a purpose of recruiting civilians to fight in the war and join the country in fighting for what’s right. Both also drew on ideas of fighting for the safety of your country and family.

2 Likes
  1. One historical process that’s reflected is this image is total war, this is because total war brings countries together and closer and it allows them to rely on other countries for the help of their weapons. British soldiers did what they had to do in order to be successful in their wars such as getting help from indian sepoys since they were the majority of the population. Indian sepoys were promised some advantages if they worked with the british soldiers such as having protection so they agreed to help the british soldiers.

  2. One change in the relationship between India and Britain is that Indian sepoys started getting upset and started rebelling because they felt they weren’t being respected by the british soldiers. Indian sepoys got upset because they believed that the british guns contained meat from pork and from cows which were 2 different things that hindus and muslims were forbidden to eat. They led to Indian sepoys and british to get into conflict more often like the indian revolt of 1857.

  3. One similarity between how this poster attempted to mobilize people and how Japan attempted to mobilize its people was through sending men to fight in the wars. Britain convinced Indian sepoys to go fight in their wars because they promised that there would be more protection for them and their families and they had promised them that they would soon gain their independence. Japan sent men to war which allowed women more opportunities to work and allowed men to mobilize.

3 Likes
  1. One historical process that is being shown in the picture is colonialism. While India was under the British rule, the British built new railroads and harbor systems. Many other important inventions were produced such as the telegraph system.
  2. A change that occurred between India and Britain in the century after the poster was produced was India striving for independence from Britain. To reach this goal, India entered a revolution to fight for what they wanted. Eventually, they would receive the freedom they wanted. In the late 1800s, the Indian National Congress was established as well.
  3. During World War I the “I Want You!” campaign was produced by the United States government to influence people to join the army. Similar to the picture, the poster was actually persuasive towards people and influenced them to join the army.
3 Likes
  1. A historical process being demonstrated is nationalism. The poster attempted to encourage Indians to “defend their country/homeland.”
    2.One change in the relationship between Britain and India in century after the poster was produced was the push for independence in India, the idea of protecting your country with your life on the line but they weren’t able to have control over their own country.
    3.One similarity how this poster attempted to mobilize people and other empire’s mobilization campaign was the “We Can Do It!” poster from the US during WW2, where it boosted factory women morale.
  1. A historical process that is reflected in the image is propaganda. Using visually appealing images, India recruits troops into their army.
  2. A change in the relationship between India and Britain after the image was published was India’s desire for independence. In exchange for fighting in World War 1, Britain promised India independence.
  3. One similarity between how this poster attempted to mobilize people and another empire’s mobilization campaign is Uncle Sam’s “I want you for the U.S. Army”. In both these posters India and the U.S. are seeking recruits to fight in the war.
  1. One historical process that is reflected in this image is propaganda, which was used as a way to persuade people into doing certain actions. For example, in this poster, the British are persuading people to join the army by explaining and depicting that the best way to protect your family is to join the army.

  2. One change in the relationship between India and Britain in the century after the poster was produced is the independence of India at the end of the British Raj.

  3. One similarity between how this poster attempted to mobilize people and another empire’s mobilization campaign, c. 1900 - c. 1950 was the United States’ attempt to have citizens join the army during the World War 1. Both of these places created propaganda that showed citizens that joining the army would make them a better person.

Fiveable Logo

2550 north lake drive
suite 2
milwaukee, wi 53211

✉️ help@fiveable.me

learn

about for students for parents for teachers for schools & districts content team privacy contact

practice

🥇 2020 Fiveable Olympics study plans upcoming events trivia hypertyper resources cram passes

connect

community tiktok discord twitter instagram facebook careers

*ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

© fiveable 2020 | all rights reserved.