The political parties involved such as the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists (maybe some key people involved with it) what were they and each party wanted. Why did the Articles of Confederation fail, when were the Articles of Confederation signed into play.
The Articles of Confederation failed, because they were too weak. All of the power went to the states, and there was no power to tax. This became abundantly clear during the American Revolution, when Washington’s Aide-de-Camp, Alexander Hamilton, had to write to each of the states and beg for money to outfit and feed the troops. Shay’s Rebellion highlighted the weakness of the federal government, also, because when there was the need to put down the rebellion, there was no standing militia to do so, and there was no money nor weapons.
The Founding Fathers agreed that there was a need to amend the Articles of Confederation, but instead of revising it, they wrote an entirely new Constitution. The Federalists were those who believed that the Constitution of 1787 was good as it was written; personal freedoms would be protected through federalism–the division of powers between the federal and state and local governments. The main leaders of the Federalists were George Washington, John Adams, and Alexander Hamilton; Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay were the writers of the Federalist Papers with Hamilton writing 51/85. The Anti-federalists feared that the strong, central government proposed in the Constitution would stomp on individual and states’ rights. The Federalist and anti-Federalist papers were to persuade the American people to ratify the Constitution or not to ratify it in the case of the anti-Federalists. Thomas Jefferson was the leader of the Anti-Federalists, but there were several different writers for the Anti-federalist papers. In the end, all agreed to ratify the Constitution if the first 10 Amendments, the Bill of Rights was added.