Unit 2 : brain function

can you go over what different brain regions do and how they function?

Hello! Let me see if I can come up with a list real quick!

  • Brainstem: connects brain and spinal cord and is responsible for automatic functions
  • Medulla: controls heartbeat and breathing
  • Thalamus: directs messages to sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
  • Cerebellum: processes sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance
  • Amygdala: linked to emotion
  • Hypothalamus: directs several maintenance activities/homeostasis (eating, drinking, body temperature), and helps govern the pituitary gland; also linked to emotions and rewards
  • Pons: regulates sleeping and dreaming
  • Frontal Lobes: involved in speaking and muscle movements and making plans and judgments
  • Parietal Lobes: receives sensory input for touch and body position
  • Occipital Lobes: receives information from the visual fields
  • Temporal Lobes: receives information primarily from the opposite ear
  • Copus Callosum: connects the two brain hemispheres and carries messages between them
  • Broca’s Area: controls language expression
  • Wernicke’s Area: controls language reception, comprehension, and expression!

Hope this helped! :grinning:


wow thank you for this!

This is kind of nice for visualization…


No problem!

thank you so much!!!

can you add on a little in terms of motor and sensory cortex

Ok so…

Motor Cortex refers to that part of the brain where nerve cells are engaged in planning and directing the actions of muscles and glands that are under conscious control.


The sensory cortex is an umbrella term that encompasses all the senses: sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell. Although many different sections in the brain are responsible for each particular sense, such as the occipital lobe for visual acuity, the sensory cortex is a blanket term used to refer to all of the senses.

Hope this helps!

thankyou !!!

No problem!

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