[Unit 5] Unit 5 Cram Contest Practice Prompt

In an idea shamelessly stole-umm, borrowed from AP World History Cram Teacher Eric Beckman, we’re going to be running a Cram Contest:

Practice analyzing sourcing and using a document as evidence. Use the passage below as evidence to support an evaluation of the extent to which attitudes regarding civil rights changed between 1857 and 1877. (That’s basically a prompt.) Include both usage (summary) and sourcing analysis (HIPP). The best answer(s) will feature in the Unit 5 APUSH Cram stream.

Source: Frederick Douglass, Equal Rights Association: Proposed Resolutions, 1869

"Resolved, that the American Equal Rights Association, in loyalty to its comprehensive demands for the political equality of all American citizens, without distinction of race or sex, hails the extension of suffrage to any heretofore disenfranchised…
“Resolved, furthermore, that in view of this promised and speedy culmination of one-half of our demands, we are stimulated to redouble our energy to secure the further amendment guaranteeing the same sacred rights without limitation to sex.”

How to Submit
Reply to this thread with your two-three sentence answer. Explain how this source by Douglass supports an evaluation of attitudes regarding civil rights changing between 1857 and 1877 and analyze how an element (HIPP) of the sourcing influences the content of the document.

Deadline for submission:
April 13, 2020 → April 19, 2020

I will not necessarily provide feedback, but I will pick one or more responses to feature on APUSH Cram Stream #4: Unit 5, 9pm ET on April 21.

Get your Cram Pass now!

Feel free to give other students feedback, too!

Between 1857 and 1877 the women’s rights movement got much more serious because of the conflict with the civil war and end of reconstruction, women felt that it wasn’t just slaves that deserved the right to vote but they to should have “the same sacred rights without limitations to sex.” Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony shared these beliefs and in 1869 spearheaded the campaign for women’s equal rights along side the American Equal Rights Administration which demanded “for the political equality of all american citizens”. The document is with no doubt intended for women and policy makers to see, because both Stanton and Anthony make it clear that while the movement has gained momentum it has not reached the point they want it to, and are awaiting an amendment to allow women to vote.

Between the period 1857 and 1877, the civil rights moment, mainly led by the women’s rights movement, gained much more traction and popularity among the general public of the United States after the American Civil War. Women’s Suffrage leaders such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B Anthony along with women around the U.S. believed that basic democratic rights or “unalienable rights” should not only be given to former slaves but women too. The two women leading this newly rejuvenated movement were Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B Anthony, who were leaders of the America Equal Right Administration, an organization that has “…loyalty to its comprehensive demands for the political equality of all American citizens”. The point of view of the authors, Stanton and Anthony, was that both believed the necessity for both women and slaves to have democratic, or political rights, and when suffrage was not permitted to women but given to former slaves, many women like Anthony and Stanton were furious and moved to focus their efforts on women’s suffrage, instead of both racial and gender equality like it was formerly.

During the early 1800s, The Second Great Awakening gained significance in the United States inspiring reform movements such as Temperance, Abolition, and Women’s Rights. Between 1857 and 1877, the Abolition and Women’s Rights movements would change American attitude toward civil rights through the help of reform leaders such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony. These women were influential leaders fighting for African-American and Women Suffrage. Stanton and Anthony, in Equal Rights Association: Stanton-Anthony Resolutions, claim they have achieved half of their goal, which was achieved when African-American suffrage was granted through the 14th amendment in 1868, however, they will continue to push for the suffrage of women. They were able to gain support for African-Americans, but they will continue to work for women’s rights.

Attitudes regarding civil rights continued to be prevalent and voiced in an urgent manner between 1857 and 1877. Women’s right advocates such as Stanton and Anthony called for legislation to be passed to give them equality in political participation and freedom without consideration of gender (1). Although the Equal Rights Amendment failed to pass, it still symbolized their determination to obtain the rights women felt needed to be given to them.
Their passionate, prideful support for the ERA’s rights for women shows that the attitudes regarding civil rights, specifically for women, continued to be intense and in demand.
Following the Civil War, African Americans were given freedom and slavery was abolished, as a large part of Reconstruction efforts. The Reconstruction amendments helped and made an effort to welcome former slaves into American society. For instance, the 13th Amendment abolishing slavery and the 14th Amendment recognized citizenship to all despite race. However, many of the assistance provided to blacks were not extended to women even though they had long fought for their oppressed rights as well. Prominent leaders like Stanton and Anthony wanted to take this opportunity to expand the freedoms of women and obtain universal suffrage. Some women even allied with racist Southerners to oppose the 15th Amendment, which excluded voting rights for women (1). Thus, this influenced their writing of the support of the ERA in that they ultimately wanted to achieve political equality for women, not to constantly be excluded from America’s political agenda.

Although the focus on minority group civil rights remained constant throughout the 1857-1877, pre-civil war to end of reconstruction period, ultimately, as a result of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, a shift in emphasis of African American civil rights to the political rights of other underrepresented minority groups occurred, thus allowing for the growth/ increased vigor of the women’s rights movement that Anthony and Stanton advocated. As suffragists, these women knew that they must advocate for abolition and reform movements first in order to develop the political voice of their sex before being able to successfully and persuasively advocate for their own rights. When the 14th and 15th amendments were enacted, rights were extended to African American males, which fueled the women’s movement by increasing their confidence, as Stanton and Anthony demonstrated in their resolutions, and encouraged a shift that allowed for the civil rights of other minorities to shine.
(PS: I didn’t site with numbers for lack of one being provided so I hope the implied citation is clear enough. Sorry)

Former slaves, such as Frederick Douglass, praised the granting of black suffrage through the 15th Amendment but also acknowledged that the right to vote had yet to be extended to females (Doc 1). Douglass appeals to the many women’s rights activists that were emboldened by the passage of the 14th and 15 amendments (which gave black men the rights of citizenship and suffrage, respectively) –– some of whom were encouraged that progress for black men had been made while others were furious that the same rights had not been extended to women.

Between 1857 and 1877, American attitudes regarding civil rights changed drastically. In the 1850s, anyone who wasn’t a male WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant) was often kept from enjoying many economic, educational and political opportunities, and all women and non-whites disallowed to vote. However, at the end of the Civil War, major advances were made in this field. Under Reconstruction many blacks were given the right to vote, and several, such as Frederick Douglass, Hiram Revels, and Robert Smalls, held positions of power at the federal level. Other groups, such as women, made considerable gains in their fight for the vote. An example of the fight for right is an 1869 paper by Frederick Douglass. Douglass, head of the Freedman’s Bureau, argues for complete civil rights for everyone, regardless of race or gender (1). If he had written the same paper 10 years earlier, he would have been seen as a roguish rabble-rouser. But in 1869, such a revolutionary idea was not out of the ordinary!
All good things eventually come to an end, and the Reconstruction Era was no exception. The Compromise of 1877 ended it in, well, 1877. In exchange for the electoral votes of Southern Democrats, Rutherford B. Hayes put an end to Reconstruction. Soon, cases like Plessy v. Ferguson allowed the Southern states to restrict the rights of blacks. In short, the first Civil Rights Movement was over.

@elijahcockey_59200: Nice work! You’d get the usage points for doc one as well as a HIPP point for Historical Context. You also sprinkled in some outside evidence, so that’s great in the paragraph too. To save time, cut back on the rhetorical flourishes like “ended it in, well, 1877.” :slight_smile:

@Sierra: (You answered this before I corrected the sourcing, so don’t worry about that) NIce work on summarizing and using the document. You tied it to your topic sentence well.

@alper: (You answered this before I corrected the sourcing, so don’t worry about that) This was well done with its summary and POV. Consider adding a topic sentence that ties back to a thesis: you didn’t have a thesis, of course, but make sure your topic sentence has an argument that’s broader than the doc and that answers the prompt.

@Kaelah: (You answered this before I corrected the sourcing, so don’t worry about that) Excellent work! You tied the doc’s summary and POV into the historical context of the Seneca Falls Convention, etc. Well done.

@angelayuan1210: (You answered this before I corrected the sourcing, so don’t worry about that) Be careful about using the phrase “Equal Rights Amendment” since that is the formal title of the Alice Paul legislation introduced in 1923 that still isn’t part of the Constitution. The sentiment is the same as what’s going on in this doc, but it’s not called the same thing. :slight_smile: Other than that, your summary and POV made sense.

@perlaalvarez431: (You answered this before I corrected the sourcing, so don’t worry about that) You summarized and connected the doc well. Your use of amendments for Outside Evidence for context worked well too.

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