[Unit 6 SAQ] Industrialization

Edited (4/4/20): prompts like this (SAQs) will not be on the 2020 APUSH exam. Thus, answering this prompt can be useful for reviewing content, but not for exam practice.

Answer a, b, & c.

a) Briefly describe ONE specific similarity between industrialization in the United States from 1820 to 1850 and industrialization in the United States from 1865 to 1900.
b) Briefly describe ONE specific difference between industrialization in the United States from 1820 to 1850 and industrialization in the United States from 1865 to 1900.
c) Briefly describe ONE specific cause of industrialization in the United States from 1865 to 1900.

a) One similarity between the industrialization in the United States from 1820 to 1850 and industrialization in the United States from 1865 to 1900 was that there was a wave of migration as new jobs were developed. (northern or western)
b) One difference between industrialization in the United States from 1820 to 1850 and industrialization in the United States from 1865 to 1900 was that the one between 1820 to 1850 did not include the making of materials as materials like steel. (cotton was produced instead)
c) One cause of the Industrial Revolution was the ending of the Manifest Destiny (westward expansion) and the rise of imperialistic views.

One specific similarity between industrialization from 1820 to 1850 and from 1865 to 1900 is the mistreatment of workers. In both eras, workers were generally underpaid, overworked, and lacked adequate housing and food.

One specific difference between industrialization from 1820 to 1850 and from 1865 to 1900 is the location of centers of industry. While, during the earlier period, most manufacturing facilities were in New England. While many factories were still located in that region during the later period, they spread to the South and West as well.

One specific cause of industrialization from 1865 to 1900 is the works of men like Captain Mahan, who believed that the secret to success as a nation was a strong navy. This idea caused the USA’s military to modernize at a rapid pace. And this modernization meant that many supplies were needed, which were produced by factories.

@elijahcockey_59200: For A, make sure to give a specific example of mistreatment, like a strike (e.g., Homestead) or location (e.g., Lowell Mills). B works. For C, that’s more of an effect of industrialization: Mahan’s book wasn’t published until well into the Gilded Age (1890) and might have caused some increase in naval production, but not really of heavy industry as a whole.

A) Both the 1st and 2nd Industrial Revolutions changed the way America manufactured goods. The revolutions also helped America to become more economicly independent from Britain, because the change in labor and factories allowed for manufactured goods to be produced in the US.
B) The difference between the Industrial Revolutions was the type of things being revolutionized. In the 1820’s to 1850’s it was mainly labor changes and expansion of the US. However, 1865 to 1900 focased much more heavilly on the creation of factories, big buisiness, and involvement in foreign affairs, somthing not seen in the early 1800’s due to the Monroe Doctrine, the agreement that both the US and Europe needed to stay on their side of the hemisphere.
C) The most significant cause of industrialization between 1865 and 1900 was the Civil War and Reconstruction. While the north was much more industrialized, the south had stayed more focased on farms and plantations. This changed after the Civil War because of Reconstruction and the effort that the north put in to try and “modornize” the south. This proved succesful and created another boom in industrialization.

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