During the period 1750-1900, many large world powers mostly in the West sought to expand their nation through the means of imperialism, seeking raw materials and more land. Colonies were established across the globe, such as Latin America being taken over by foreign powers like Spain, Portugal, and France and many regions were colonized in Africa by the Western powers and the United States. This was all made possible by Columbus’ ‘discovery’ of the Americas when the Italian sailor reached the Americas in 1492. There he was able to bring foreign powers such as Spain to conquer empires like the Aztec and Inca and welcome coerced labor to help the economy of the motherland. The natives of these colonized regions responded in various ways. Places such as Indonesia, Ethiopia, and Korea led armed movements against foreign and neighboring powers seeking state expansion. On the other hand, leaders in various West African states and Hawaiian islands took a peaceful approach for the resistance against colonial expansion through negotiations. Though most indegenous people’s responses towards state expansion during 1750-1900 were unsuccessful and unwelcoming, the way they acted upon it differed to a great extent. Firstly, many indegenous people of states that were sought out to be imperialised reacted with war and violence. For example, the people of Korea relied on their army to fight off the “Japanese enemy” from obtaining rule over them and resist state-jeopardizing “Western Enlightenment” (Doc #2). This shows that rather than formally sitting down to negotiate against the Japanese’s desire for power over their land, they encouraged their state to fight through violence. As this was written in a Proclamation to soldiers and civilians, it’s purpose is to empower the people of Korea to resist against neighboring state expansion in a violent matter and having a larger effect rather than someone of less importance to advise them to do the same. Furthermore, an Ethiopian painting of the Battle of Adowa, a war where Ethiopia beat Italian troops from obtaining power for state expansion, depicts Ethipian warriors victorious over the dead bodies of foreign troops (Doc #3). This proves the violent methods in which the indegenous people of Ethiopia reacted to foreign expansion. They did not settle with the leaders and discuss, but used armed methods to achieve success over them. Having this being painted by an Ethiopian painter is of great value, because it shows a one sided view of the battle from the victorious side. Not only does this painting empower the people of Ethiopia to have great nationalism, but this also warns other foreign powers seeking state expansion to stay away. However, Ethiopia’s victory was not as successful as depicted in the picture here. The Battle of Adowa resulted in Italy obtaining a part of ancient Ethiopia near the Red Sea. Additionally, 5,000 Ethiopians were killed in their battle against Italy further showing how many indegenous people reacted differently to state expansion and in safer methods. Contrastly, many native people of states that feared colonial imperialism reacted with more peaceful methods through formal negotiation. The Ashanti Kingdom took England’s offer of protection and power over their state under “serious consideration” but responded to the British officer in politely declining their offer of protection (Doc #1). In this case, this document shows that there was also a peaceful approach to imperial powers taking over the indegenous population. However, this reaction did not either show much success, as in 1896, the Ashanti Empire was again invaded and seized by the British and their king Kumasi was captured. Lastly, in a letter from Queen Liliuokalani, she calls upon the U.S. to restore power and land to her as it was acquired through injustice (Doc #4). This further proves the different reaction of indegenous people through negotiation and not violence. This letter was written as the Queen seeked the reclamation of the Hawaiian islands but was unsuccessful in that the U.S. annexed Hawaii as their 50th state in 1898.